the Russian name : altej, alteja, malva; the Ukrainian: altej, a physiognomy; the Polish: slaz lekarski.
Family : Маlvасеае - prosvirnikovye.
a Fig. 4. Althea officinalis - altej medicinal.
The Perennial plant in height to 1,5 m. the Root fleshy, white, powerful, slaborazvetvlennyj from which grows on some stalks. Stalks round, below apathetic, and above juicy-green, covered with a grey down, as well as leaves. Leaves heart-shaped or jajtsevidnye, bottom it is a little (5) lopastnye, top almost 3-lopactnye. Flowers, dense in bosoms of leaves on very short pedicels, it is light or is bright-pink, sometimes almost white, five-petal. All flavourless plant. Taste sweet-tart. Grows on crude meadows, at roads, over meadows at ditches and coast of the rivers, is more rare between bushes and on edges of woods. Blossoms in June, July and the beginning of August.
Gathering . Collect flowers and leaves, and in the autumn when stops sokodvizhenie in the summer and stalks die off, dig out roots. Them wash with cold water, small izrezyvajut and dry according to rules. To clear of a bark it is not necessary. Cleared altejnyj the root very beautiful, but loses many the operating substances.
It is applied in scientific medicine as otharkivajushchee.
the Use . Though in scientific medicine altej has considerable application, but in national medicine it is a little popular and it is probable because in a wild condition it meets rather seldom. In the people, in most cases, use colours alteja, and roots store for treatment of very heavy gastroenteric diseases. As means enveloping and calming pains is considered irreplaceable. At a lack of colours alteja it is possible to replace them with leaves of the same plant, on action a little conceding to colours. Leaves and flowers do not replace a root. Their action is weaker. It is necessary to mean that, digging out a root, for ever you ruin a precious plant.
From colours and leaves alteja it is used napar from 20,0 g them on litre of water which drink on 4 glasses in day, and from roots prepare broth - 10,0 g on 1 l of water - and drink on 2 glasses in day. If it is used napar, flowers and leaves, alteja mix with colours malvy wood and a linen seed on 5,0 g that and another, and in hot broth altejnogo a root to fill its medical force if it is not enough a root, put as early as 5,0 a root okopnika and 5,0 g a root malvy wood). The people use these means at bloody diarrheas, at katare guts, at an inflammation of a bladder and in general at illnesses of urinogenital bodies, together with for syringings at beljah with addition in such cases of broth from an oak bark , 30,0 g on liquid litre.
Naruzhno broth from altejnogo a root, and more often napar from colours, is used for washing of eyes at an inflammation, for rinsing of a throat and at rotting of eyelids, and also for enemas at diarrheas and in other cases.
Like medicinal alteju (Althea officinalis L.) on a human body operates and altej pink which name "ьрыітющ" (Althea rosea L.), but is weaker. This plant is very popular in the people and is rather often used at treatment of the same illnesses, as altej the medicinal. Malvu plant in flower beds in villages under huts. High - to 2,5 m - a stalk, all covered with colours, have published, it is visible in front gardens. Here still these can explain unpopularity alteja the medicinal: malva always near at hand, and altej it is necessary to search. Except these two plants, in the same cases in some districts apply flowers and leaves malvy wood - prosvirnika wood (Malva silvestris L.) which it is mentioned above.
Storage . The root cut on small slices alteja to store in wooden boxes, vystelennyh a paper, and leaves and flowers is better to store in iron boxes.