Russian names : a balm, a lemon grass, lemon mint; the Ukrainian: мелiса лiкарська, limonna m'jata, matochnik (Volhynia); the Polish: melisa lekarska, rojownik.
Family : Labiatae - gubotsvetnye.
a Fig. 26. Melissa officinalis L. - a balm medicinal
The Long-term grassy plant in height 30 - 120 sm, at grinding exudes a lemon smell. A stalk branched out, all plant is soft-volosistoe. Leaves heart-shaped-jajtsevidnye, krupnozubchatye, petiolar. Flowers pinkish or white, in pazushnyh bunches. Blossoms in July-August. Gets divorced often for bees; in some places the plant has got accustomed as wild, even weed. This plant at us does not grow in a wild condition, but women plant it in kitchen gardens, and in national medicine it has very wide application. Collect actually only leaves in the flowering beginning.
On a human body operates with the oils, bitterness and tannins consisting in it: vetrogonno, mochegonno, raises nerves and digestion.
It is known that in a balm there is a vitamin C.
the Use . The scientific medicine uses a balm ogranichenno, oil from a balm finds application in perfumery manufacture. The national medicine uses a balm at the female illnesses connected with illnesses of a uterus why it is called "ьр=юёэшъюь".
In the people a balm apply inside. Napar, approximately 20,0 g on 1 l to boiled water, at all kinds of nervous illnesses, at a stomach neurosis when from the unknown reason the person will feel the strongest pain in a stomach as it happens after strong nervous shocks, from a fright, a grief, melancholy; at gripes in intestines and a swelling which happen even at the most strict vozderzhannosti in meal, at a migraine and nothing of an explainable headache; at the strengthened palpitation and dizziness, at vomitings at pregnant women, and also at a toothache, in the latter case in the form of rinsing. Water napar balms replace sometimes spirit with an extract: 1 part of leaves on weight on 3 parts of spirit. Accept 3 times a day on a tea spoon of tincture on 1 / 3 a water glass.
Naruzhno . For aromatic baths: at a bad metabolism and as strengthening at the general breakdown. For baths mix a balm in equal parts with such plants: a yarrow - 20,0 g, a wormwood - 20,0 g, dushitsy - 20,0 g, rhizomes aira marsh - 20,0 g, a peppermint - 20,0 g, pine kidneys and runaways (collected in February-March) - 20,0 All mix it and cook in the closed vessel in 10 l of water throughout 30 minutes Allow to cool down, filter and pour in in a bath with hot water. 15 minutes bathe. Temperature of a bath 37 - 38°С.
The Pounded leaves of a balm both fresh, and dried (in the latter case soaked in boiled water) put on a rag to wounds (pleasantly cools, reduces a pain).
During hemorrhoids, at locks the enema (small) of a tea spoon of the squeezed out balm juice on a glass of boiled water well influences state of health of the patient.
Drugstores sell folia Melissae as a folk remedy and balm oil.
Storage . Balm leaves store in the tin well corked boxes.