the Russian name : okopnik; the Ukrainian: живокіст; the Polish: zywokost.
Family : Borraginaceae - burachnikovye.
a Fig. 42. Symphytum officinale - okopnik medicinal.
The Long-term grassy plant in height 30 - 100 see the Stalk winged, especially up from deep-nisbegajushchih leaves, thick, direct. Leaves bottom large narrowed in winged chereshok, prodolgovato-lantsetnye, the top sedentary. All plant rough from hardish hairs covering it. Flowers are collected in hung, covered with leaflets, curls. Nimbuses of colours is dirty-purple or lilac with otvorochennymi outside teeth. Roots thick, branchy, almost black outside, inside white, krohkie, in a break rough, is tart-sticky on taste. Blossoms since May till the end of July. Grows on damp meadows, about ditches, streams, on friable torfomineralnyh soils, on nizinnyh peatbogs. It is extended everywhere.
Collect roots in the autumn. A stalk use only fresh, instead of dried. Roots are difficultly washed, persistence is necessary. Well washed up roots cut on pieces and dry.
In national practice apply a root okopnika as the means enveloping at all kinds of an inflammation of a mucous membrane, and especially at chest indispositions, including the heavy. A dose: 40,0 g on 1 l of hot milk in which a root okopnika soar in an oven 6 - 7 hours, but at all do not lead up to boiling. Consider that operating substances of a plant collapse at kipjachenii. Such naparom a root okopnika on milk treat also a tuberculosis of lungs.
In the people use also a root okopnika both as knitting, and as a depletive, and also as the means deleting become lifeless fabrics and promoting regeneration. Consider also that okopnik treats kidneys, helps at diarrheas even with blood, and also at bleedings with a stomach and an intestines. Accept it also at chirjah, ulcers and abscesses as inside, and naruzhno.
Okopnik, naparennyj in milk, very soon bothers the patient. Then on 6 - 7 days replace this napar with the following: a crude or dried root okopnika break into paste (dough), mix with 1 - 2 parts of honey and accept no more as on a tea spoon 3 times a day. After 6 - 7 days again come back to reception okopnika on milk. A fresh and dried root okopnika with honey practise more often to accept at illnesses of lungs, at any coughs.
Naruzhno . At breaks of bones, and also at a tuberculosis of bones do obklady of paste of fresh or dried roots okopnika. For the same purpose prepare ointment from roots okopnika: istolchennyj a fresh root okopnika mix fifty-fifty with pork unsalted baked fat. The fresh, dried root okopnika put to bleeding wounds; naparom both fresh, and dried roots okopnika rinse a throat at katarah. At a bleeding from a nose involve in nostrils juice from a fresh stalk okopnika, for the same purpose use a root powder okopnika, putting it in a nose on cotton wool. (Blood the seeds of a linden pounded in vinegar) stop also.
At katarah throats apply water infusion to rinsing (on boiled water) from following plants: a root okopnika - 15,0 g, colours wood malvy - 10,0 g, rose-petals (cultural, garden forms - more often that which is used on jam) - 10,0 g, an oak bark - 5,0 g, colours korovjaka - 10,0 g, sage leaves - 5,0 g and a root valeriany - 5,0 of 4 table spoons (everyone with top) mixes fill in of 1 l for night of very hot boiled water. Warm up in the morning, without leading up to boiling, and warm infusion of times 6 - 7 in day rinse a throat. For the night a neck grease specified above okopnikovoj with ointment, turn a flannel scarf and warmly take cover, that propotet.
Storage . The dried up and cut root okopnika store in the boxes which have been laid out by a paper.